The Life and
Death of Dr. Mohammad Sadegh SHARAFKANDI (1938-1992)
Dr. Sharafkandi was born on January 1st, 1938, in the Bokan
region of Iranian Kurdistan. He spent two years of his elementary studies
in his native village, then his family moved to Mahabad, where he completed
his primary and secondary education.
In 1959, he received his degree in chemistry at the Institute of Higher
Education in Teheran; from then onwards, up to 1965, he taught chemistry
in the Kurdish towns of Ourmieh and Mahabad.
Because of his political activities, he was transferred first to Arak,
then to Karaj by the Shah's regime, before being appointed assistant lecturer
in chemistry at the Teachers' Higher Training College in Teheran.
In 1972, he went to France to study at the University of Paris VI, where
he received his Ph.D. in analytical chemistry in 1976. The same year,
he went back to Iran to teach at the Teachers' Higher Training College
After the fall of the Shah's regime in February 1979, he resigned from
his position and joined the reawakening Kurdish movement, which in August
became the target of a "Holy War" decreed by Ayatollah Khomeini.
Married and the father of 3 children, aside from Kurdish, he also spoke
Persian, Arabic, Turkish and French.
HIS POLITICAL LIFE
While studying in Paris in 1973, he met Dr. Abdul Rahman GHASSEMLOU, the
Secretary-general of the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (PDKI),
and joined the Party. Upon his retum to Iran, he became Dr. Ghassemlou's
representative in his country.
In February 1979, after the fall of the Shah's regime, the PDKI's activities
became legal. Dr. Sharafkandi was elected alternate member of the Central
Committee and appointed as the Party's official in Teheran.
During the summer of 1979, he became a permanent Party cadre and in 1980,
during the following Congress, he acceded to the Political Bureau. From
then onwards, up to the assassination in July 1989 in Vienna of Dr. Ghassemlou
by Iranian emissaries, he was regularly re-elected and put in charge of
the Party's publications. In 1986, he also took office as assistant Secretary-seneral
After Dr. Ghassemlou's assassination, he temporarily took over the Party's
leadership until December 1991, when he was unanimously elected Secretary-general
during the IXth Congress.
individuals and groups believed that Dr. GHASSEMLOU's death meant the
end of our fight and would bring about the dissolution of PDKI. However,
Dr. SHARAFKANDI, in the exercise of his duties as head of the Party, showed
such great clear-sightedness, know-how and stout perseverance that the
cruel loss of Dr. GHASSEMLOU, immortal leader of the Kurdish people, had
less effect on our friends than our enemies had predicted. In all respects,
Dr. SHARAFKANDI showed himself to be a worthy successor of Dr. GHASSEMLOU
and an exemplary leader of the Kurdish people during a particularly troubled
phase of its national liberation fight.
Like his predecessor, Dr. SHARAFKANDI fully understood the necessity to
link our people's struggle to the fight of the Iranian population as a
whole. He strove incessantly to create stronger ties with the organisations
belonging to the Iranian democratic opposition. And it was precisely during
one of his meetings with members of the Iranian opposition that he was
brutally killed by the enemies of the union of all liberation forces of
the peoples of Iran.
Comrade SHARAFKANDI was equally convinced of the need to establish ties
of mutual solidarity between the population of Iranian Kurdistan and the
Kurds living in other parts of Kurdistan. He proved to be a man of conscience
in this respect as well, fully aware of the duties and responsibilities
that were his. He also strove to do away with the paradoxical feelings
shared by quite a few people about being Iranians as well as Kurds. Dr.
SHARAFKANDI saw no contradiction between these terms. He firmly believed
that there was not opposition anywhere in the world between the legitimate
rights of peoples.
Our Secretary-general also realized the necessity of heightening public
awareness of the Kurdish issue, and the important role played by international
organisations through their efforts to help the Kurdish liberation movement
to achieve victory. It was his aim to draw the international community's
attention to the Kurdish issue and to try to obtain its full support.
That was the reason for his coming to Europe that summer in 1992. It was
also with this aim in mind that he went to Berlin to attend the Congress
of the Socialist International between September 15-17 of 1992. Also,
barely a few hours after its closing session, the life of this great man
in the history of the Kurdish people was brutally and heinously cut short
by criminal hands.
These qualities, and many others, earned him the implacable hatred of the
Iranian Republic's criminal regime to such an extent that its terrorists
pursued him relentlessly wherever he went and eventually managed to assassinate
him on September 17, 2001 in Mykonous Restaurant in Berlin.